4 Environments that can be influenced by Internet of Things (IoT)

06-12-2021

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The Internet of Things (IoT) is a digital concept in which common things are enhanced with computational and wireless network technologies, often through the inclusion of resource-constrained devices such as sensors and actuators that allow them to connect to the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) is seen as a major element in the creation of smart environments. Nonetheless, the present IoT ecosystem provides a plethora of other connectivity methods with varying performance characteristics. This circumstance makes determining the best IoT connectivity solution(s) for a certain smart environment extremely difficult. 

The world is a small place. It’s also getting hotter, busier, and more congested.  

Climate change and society’s influence on the environment are escalating conflicts over natural resources while also jeopardizing our infrastructure, food systems, and quality of life.  

It is becoming increasingly evident that current environmental circumstances are unsustainable. We have achieved great strides in the fight against sickness, poverty, and illiteracy during the last few decades. That same inventiveness must now be applied to the challenge of global warming and other human-caused repercussions. 

Addressing these difficulties necessitates political will, as well as a new economic paradigm that prioritizes human wellbeing above profits. It also necessitates the development of cutting-edge technologies. We are already witnessing how the Internet of Things (IoT), which connects everyday objects to the Internet, will help us enhance our world. 

In addition to strong data analytics, IoT-enabled devices and sensors are supporting us in lowering air pollution in many of our world’s most populated cities, boosting agriculture and food supplies, and even diagnosing and controlling dangerous illnesses. 

 

1.Smart Cities 

Cities currently accommodate more than half of the global population, rising from 34% in the 1960s As per the United Nations, by mid-century, that number might reach 66%. Cities are the major contributors of global warming, and some are already facing the effects of rising sea levels and increasingly extreme weather events. 

Cities, on the other hand, are excellent incubators for IoT-based systems that improve urban living, such as rapid, easy transport systems, secure street lighting, and energy-efficient structures.  

Thanks to a city – wide WIFI and communications system linked to sensors, software, and a data analytics tool, Barcelona has incorporated smart water technology, automated street lighting, remote-controlled irrigation for parks and fountains, waste pickups, bus routes (digital), and smart parking meters. These IoT-enabled urban services have reduced considerably traffic congestion, light, pollution, water, and energy consumption. 

The Internet of Things is being used to enhance traffic flow in Las Vegas, while the whole smart city of Songdo in South Korea is designed all around the Internet of Things. Songdo’s networks are designed to maximize the efficiency of its buildings, transit system, and infrastructure. 

 

2.Improved air and water quality  

The Internet of Things has the potential to assist cities improve public health. According to recent research, dirty air and water caused a shocking 9 million fatalities in 2015. Cities with chronic pollution, such as Delhi and Beijing, are beginning to implement sensor networks to inform inhabitants when levels are alarmingly high. 

Drayson Technologies has been testing sensors that are given to bicycle couriers and a fleet of fuel-cell automobiles in London, where air pollution is responsible for up to 9,000 fatalities every year. Drayson can produce real-time maps of air pollution levels around the city thanks to the sensors, which feed data to cell phones through Bluetooth. 

Aclima, an environmental sensing technology company based in Oakland, California, has collaborated with Google, EDF, and experts from the University of Texas at Austin to develop a highly precise block-by-block map of air pollution using a fleet of Google Street View vehicles outfitted with specialized sensors. By extending this strategy across cities, networks of sensors might assist policymakers in identifying and reducing pollution hotspots. 

 

3.Smarter agriculture 

Farmers all over the globe are utilizing the Internet of Things to minimize their use of water and fertilizers, cut waste, and increase the quality or quantity of their crops, from large agribusiness companies like Cargill to tiny organic farms. Tracking microclimates throughout crops is one example, as is carefully monitoring temperature fluctuations and humidity levels as perishable items move from field to warehouse to store in order to increase shelf life and reduce waste. 

Because of California’s recent unprecedented drought, many farmers have been looking for ways to use less water. Technology suppliers are assisting them by providing tools like drone footage and soil sensors that assess real-time conditions. According to The Nature Conservancy, smart farming can help farmers save up to 40% on water and fertilizer while increasing yields. 

 

4.Connecting patients  

The Internet of Things has the power to transform the healthcare industry by allowing doctors to access patient information more quickly. Wireless, Internet-connected sensor devices that detect a patient’s heart rate, pulse, or even blood pressure is less expensive, smaller, and more accurate. While there is still much debate about how to appropriately collect, transmit, and use this data, wearables are one of the most promising IoT technologies in healthcare. 

Technology is rapidly assisting doctors and other healthcare experts in monitoring the well-being of patients living independently. Sensors, or even robotic assistance, can notify caregivers if patients miss to take their medication or do not leave their bedroom by a predetermined time.  

As mobile technology spreads throughout the developing world, healthcare personnel are devising novel solutions to complex problems. In response to the 2015 West African Ebola epidemic, Scripps Translational Science Institute gathered together medical device firms to develop a patch with integrated sensors to detect heart rate, blood oxygen saturation, respiration rate, and temperature. The tool, which sends data through Bluetooth, eliminates physical contact with potentially infected individuals. 

 

Conclusion 

These are just a few instances of how the Internet of Things is assisting cities, farmers, and healthcare professionals throughout the world in improving their lives. This new technique enables people to make more educated, data-driven decisions regarding our common resources. Whether those users reside in a densely populated metropolis or on a distant farm, the Internet of Things may connect them to a brighter future. 

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